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Bootstrap 5.3.0

10-01-2024 11:29 AM

It’s official, the final stable release of v5.3.0 has landed! It’s been a monumental effort to revamp our codebase for CSS variables and color modes, one that will see continued changes leading up to an eventual Bootstrap 6. And we’re so excited to finally ship it!

Bootstrap’s core has been rewritten to provide first-class support for dark mode. Moreover, Bootstrap now supports any number of color modes, allowing you to build your own custom themes or more nuanced color modes. Let’s take a look at how our new dark mode works first.

Bootstrap’s new dark mode is opt-in by default, meaning you’ll need to set a data-bs-theme attribute on the root <html> element to change the entire page’s design. This was done to best support custom color modes beyond light and dark—more on that later. It also helps folks who aren’t ready for dark mode in their own designs.Need a more isolated dark mode? You can also set the color mode on a parent element like the .dropdown shown below. This will only affect the dropdown and its children instead of the entire page.
Dark mode styles are written with and generated through the new color-mode() Sass mixin. The mixin allows you to write styles specific to a particular color mode, like dark mode.
Together with the new $color-mode-type Sass variable, you can also change how color modes behave in Bootstrap. The default value is data, which tells Bootstrap to generate CSS selectors that scope the color mode’s styles to the data attributes you’ve seen above.
The other supported value is media-query, which generates media query selectors instead. This is helpful for those who want light and dark modes, automatically, and without a user override.
While we haven’t written a new JavaScript plugin for toggling color modes, we’ve written a great script for toggling color modes via data-bs-theme in our docs. Our implementation defaults to a user’s operating system color mode (auto), but also allows users to override that with a particular mode (light or dark) that’s recorded in local storage for easy reference on future page loads. You can use and adapt this script as needed.
There’s also a new _variables-dark.scss stylesheet that houses dark mode-specific Sass variables. This is where we modify mostly global values, and some component-specific values, for dark mode. We recommend creating separate Sass stylesheets for additional custom color modes (e.g., a blue theme might have _variables-blue.scss). We expect this stylesheet to be simplified in our next major release as we continue to streamline the code base.)

Dark mode colors are all derived from our theme colors, meaning you can easily change the color mode palettes by updating the original theme colors. This means we’re not using our already tinted and shaded colors (e.g., shade-color($danger, 60%) instead of red-800 for the new danger emphasis color).

Bootstrap v5.3.0 ships with dark mode enabled, but you can also disable it by updating the boolean $enable-dark-mode Sass variable.